Views: 112 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-08-09 Origin: Site
A horse trailer is used to transport horses. There are many different designs for horse trailers. Small horse trailers can accommodate two or three horses. They can be pulled by a pickup or even an SUV. Large horse trailers can accommodate six to eight horses. It is pulled by a ton dually-style pickup. In the UK, a horsebox may also refer to a motorised vehicle adapted to carry horses, or a railway vehicle specifically designed to carry horses.
Trailers designed specifically for horses are more elaborate. Because horses are usually hauled for the purpose of competition or work, where they must arrive in peak physical condition, horse trailers are designed for the comfort and safety of the animals. They usually have adjustable vents and horse trailer windows as well as suspension designed to provide a smooth ride and less stress on the animals.
The Historical Origin of Horse Trailer
The first horse trailers were said to be horse-drawn ambulances created by city fire departments to take their wounded but savable horses from the scenes of accidents back to the veterinarian at the firehouse.
Highly valued race horses were originally transported by specially outfitted railroad cars, but this transport was difficult to use due to issues of scheduling and delays. In December 1918, Popular Science Monthly reported on a new concept for transporting race horses in specially modified "Motor-Trucks" that eliminated these transport delays.
In World War 1, horses were used with infantry in France, and many were injured in the course of the war. If these animals could be transported back to animal hospitals, many could be saved. For this purpose, a special horse ambulance vehicle was developed which could be rotated so that horses could walk forward both onto and off of the ambulance truck.
As horse-drawn transportation gave way to faster, mechanized transportation, there remained a need to transport horses themselves for work, sport, and other purposes. Thus, many types of trucks, vans, and trailers were developed or modified to transport horses on modern highways.
Horse Trailer Safety Tips
1. Distribution the load
Horse trailer weight is critical when it comes to your safety. Trailer weight already puts stress on your vehicle, and when you factor in horses and other materials, it can turn into a hazard. Too much stress on your towing vehicle can cause damage to vital pieces that keep you safely on the road. Having a heavy trailer can also affect the way your vehicle will react when you brake, such as before an accident.
2. Secure the Load
Horses should be tied securely with a strong lead and a proper slip knot. The slip knot will secure the horse but allow for easy release in an emergency. All other cargo should be tied down tightly to avoid shifting in the trailer. Any weighty cargo that comes loose and shifts around the trailer can cause the driver to lose control and veer into oncoming traffic. Make sure that your horses are tied down with sturdy material and are wearing strong halters and faceguards during the trip.
3. Install a horse trailer window
No matter what the horse trailer design is, it needs to be ventilated through the window. The style of the trailer will also determine the design. If a sudden horse head pops up from the open window during driving, it can cause loss of control and affect your driving safety. When a horse is in the slot, the flip down window is up and the smaller window is open and protected by a screen. When the stall is empty, the flip down window can be down and a screen allows max ventilation and minimum dust and debris.
4. Drive Carefully
The most important tip to remember is mindful driving. Not only are you transporting your animals, but yourself as well. Consider your speed and the weight of your trailer. If the trailer is overloaded and you are speeding down the highway, the extra weight will lead to a much harder impact in an accident. Even if your trailer is not overloaded, driving at high speeds is always risky, as it takes much longer to stop for lights and stopped traffic. Lastly, be cautious when turning corners and braking. Fast turns could result in horses being thrown under or over partitions, leading to injury.
Implementing these tips into your trailer maintenance routine will keep you safe and give you peace of mind.